Ivanec

Old postcards

Ivancica

tablaThroughout years our dear Ivančica, Ivanščica or Ivonjčica has been interesting and challenging for mountain climbers, all social groups and individuals. Further in the text we are going to use the term Ivančica due to the fact it was used by our ancestors (Adalbert Georgijević, MD, Otokar Hrazdira, Gjuro Szabo, Josip Pasarić, Franjo Hafner, Emilij Laszowski…).
Many people have visited it for recreational purposes, to take photos, do sports and other activities. There is no doubt everybody will agree that no one can resist hiking through the mountain as well as reaching its peak, from where there is an astonishing view of Varaždin and its surrounding areas.
Our town Ivanec is located at the foot of the mountain. There are many factors which influenced its development in that location, one of them probably being the advantageous geostrategic position. Rich large woods of Ivančica have been at the same time the main source of food, firewood and building material. Even more importantly, they have provided abundant springs flowing towards Ivanec from numerous sources on the north side.
Our ancestors who were dwelling here a long time ago discovered and recognised all the riches of the mountain and our region. They continued to live here from prehistory over to the Roman times, pre-Christian cultures, the Middle Ages and up to the more recent past.
At the base of Ivančica even today there are remains of old, demolished erections – fortresses, settlements and burgs (Oštrc, Milengrad, Belecgrad, Pusti Lobor, Grebengrad) that are witnesses to turbulent activities and life throughout centuries.
Numerous stories, legends, documented knowledge as well as revitalised historical knights and miners' units remind us of the past, evoking memories of distant days.
What makes Ivančica interesting is its geologic structure; it is mostly made of rocks dating from the Triassic, Paleogene, Neogene and Quaternary Periods. The core of Ivančica consists of Triassic sediments of various dolomitic rock types and a somewhat smaller proportion of limestone.
Ivančica has temperate continental climate as the rest of Central Croatia. In the northwest it is protected from the influence of the Atlantic climate by the Alps, and in the south the Dinarids protect it from the Mediterranean climate.
Since ancient times, Ivančica has been an intersection of social and cultural life, representing direct connection with economy (craftmanship and coalmines) and social activities (tourism, hiking and photo-amateurism etc.).
This interpretation board displays trails and other distinctive features which make the mountain interesting and unique. The attached map provides information to all visitors thus enabling them to walk correctly and safely on the marked mountain trails.

PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE

flora
What makes Ivančica especially interesting is its biodiversity. Many non-cultivated plants grow only on the mountain and are a special feature which attracts scientists and nature lovers. Some of the plants growing on Ivančica are entered in the “Crvena knjiga” (Engl. Red Book) as they are included in the category of strictly protected species.
Ivančica is one of the rarest habitats of the strictly protected Bear's Ear (Primula auricula) which confirms its mountain features. On Ivančica, one can find 36 orchid species, all of which are endangered and threatened by the least change in the habitat. Other plants on Ivančica are also endangered, such as the Greater Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla grandis) which stands out in spring with its beautiful large flowers, making it a frequent target of flower lowers. This also applies to the endemic Croatian Clove (Dianthus giganteus ssp. croaticus). Both plants are included in category A of protection in the project named Important Plant Areas – Croatia. At the top of Ivančica grow the three species of the Croatian Lily: Carniolan Lily (Lilium carniolicum), Martagon Lily (Lilium matragon) and Orange Lily (Lilium bulbiferum).
Because humans interfere with the harmonious relationships in nature, the majority of plant species in this area are endangered.
We kindly ask visitors that photos are the only thing to be taken from Ivančica, and not flowers or other plants.

fauna
Due to its vegetation, geomorphology and climate, the area of Ivančica provides habitats for numerous animal species. The animal life comprises mainly central European features. It is the region of transitional mountain area towards the Alps and the Dinarids.
In the caves of Ivančica one finds divergent underground fauna. A small land crab (Androniscus dentiger croaticus Strouhal), found in Mačkova špilja (a cave) on Ravna gora, is the most common species, being endemic to Varaždin County as well.
Mammals comprise beasts, rodents, bats and other animals such as rabbits (Lepus europeaus), wild pigs (Sus scrofa), European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and occasional “guests” – the Red deer (Cervus elaphus) as well as the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) which have also been sighted lately. The world of birds is diverse and rich in central European species. The Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus), building nests on dolomitic rocks, are especially worth mentioning, while the White-throated Dippers (Cinclus cinclus) live near mountain creeks named Reka and Šumi.
In the mountain creeks we can still spot the Brown Trout (Salmo trutta) and the Stone Crayfish (Austropotamobius torrentinum). All amphibian species are protected by law. On Ivančica, amongst others also live the Agile Frog (Rana dalmatina), the European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea), the Yellow-bellied Toad (Bombina variegata) and the Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra). All reptiles, which live in this region, are protected as well - the Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes), the Smooth Snake (Coronella austriaca), the Grass Snake (Natrix natrix), the Slowworm (Anguis fragilis), the Common Wall Lizard (Podarcis muralis) and the European Green Lizard (Lacerta viridis).
Among protected butterfly species are the Scarce Swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius), the Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon) and the Purple Emperor (Apatura iris). In oak tree woods, we can barely meet the endangered Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus) anymore. The most valuable find among a couple of dragonfly species is the one of the Sombre Goldenring (Cordulegaster bidentata).

zanimljivosti

 

REMARK
The Interpretation boards were installed by the Ivanec Town Tourist Board within regular project activities and to mark the 120th anniversary of organised mountain climbing in Ivanec.
The project was financially supported by the Croatian Tourist Board and the Town of Ivanec.
We thank Zlatko Smreke and Dubravko Šincek for their help in the realisation of the project.
Special thanks to the SMAND Company for providing the map of mountain trails.

Texts: Dubravko Šincek, Boris Jagetić Daraboš
Photos: Dubravko Šincek, Zdenko Horvat, Boris Jagetić Daraboš, Darko Sajko
Translation: Sanja Županić
Associate: Ljiljana Risek

MOUNTANEERING IN IVANEC

ivanecko planinarstvo webMountaineering publication, by author Boris Jagetić Daraboš, about Ivancica mountain and mountaineering in Ivanec

karta

WARNING!
The paths of the mountain trails are subject to change or can even be damaged, depending on forestry activities.
Walking on mountain trails and the use of the map: AT YOUR OWN RISK!

Location and climate

Location

karta zupanijeThe city of Ivanec occupies the area of 9581 ha, and it is located in the western part of Varaždin district occupying the south part of the microregion named Upper region of the river Bednja. It occupies the north slopes of the middle part of Ivančica, the belonging littoral and a part of the valley of river Bednja.

Central part of Ivančica massif is made of triasic dolomites and lime stones with tertiar sediments in the bottom/base. The north slopes of Ivančica are particularly sharp. Bistrica stream has particularly hilly characteristics in it's upper course.

The lowest part of this area is occupied by meadows, and slightly slant bottoms of hills – plough-fields. The higher areas are occupied by gardens, orchards and vineyards. The area above 400 meters is covered by forest, the lower parts with pubescent oak and hornbeam, and higher parts are covered by beech.

The area of the city of Ivanec is located inbetween 2 strong European highway routes Zagreb – Varaždin – Budimpešta and Zagreb – Krapina – Maribor – Graz. These two routes are via Ivanec connected to the (main) highway route Varaždin – Ivanec – Sv. Križ Začretje.

Climate

panorama ivancaThe main climate factors which determine climate of Ivanec are geographic latitude and it’s inland position. From local factors there should be mentioned it’s relief, particularly Ivančica, the highest mountain in Croatia north of Sava.

According to climate classification of W. Köppena, climate of Ivanec belongs to so called moderately warm, rainy climates. In such a climate in the cold part of the year there are snow and frost, but the warm periods are also noticed, so the longstanding snow covering is not a common phenomenon. The summer is warm, but not too hot.

Precipitations are quite uniformly distributed over the year, thus there isn't any exceptionally dry period. Maximum amount of monthly precipitations in spring or early summer is adjoined to the maximum in the late autumn- that might even excel the first. Such a climate type is called the climate of beech, by the prevailing forest vegetation, and is very important for farming, because it is suitable for corn cultivation.

Ivanec region through history

History of Ivanec

Vitezovi Ivanovci

Origin of Ivanec are connected to order of St. John of Jerusalem, Fratres hospitalis sancti Johannis Iherosolimitani, better known under the name - Knights hospitaller. Ivanec has got it's name by St. John Baptizer chapel that the Knights hospitaller were raised on the region on the today's Ivanec. Original name of the settlement was municipality Saint John, and from that time there left the toponimes Ivanec and Ivančica.

There is a mention of „villa of Knights Hospitaller“ (villa hospitalariorum) in 1201. together with estate of Zagrabian biocese Jalkovec, thus it is supposed that Knights hospitaller were in possession of the complex around Ivančica and Ivanec as soon as of 12th century.

Knights hospitaller are also mentioned in the region of Ivanec in charter of Bela IV from 1238. Their huge estates were on the mountain Ivančica and under/below it. Their seat was in the fortified town Bela (today's Pusta Bela). Besides Bela, the estate of Knights hospitaller, was including a few smaller economic units in Cerje, Jurketinec and Ivanec. Punikve, as an estate have been mentioned as soon as of 1304, and Cerje Tužno as soon as of 1306.

Ivanec itself was mentioned for the first time in the charter of Knight hospitaller Ivan Paližna jr., prior of Bela. This charter was issued on 22. June of 1396., and it is saved in the transcription of Albert de Naghmihal, Prior of Vrana and Banus of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1421.

poveljaThe charter was not the first mention of Ivanec, but also a proof that Ivanec as a settlement existed even before the written record of it. Ivan of Paližna mentions the town whose freedoms and documents were seized by certain enemies and which has suffered a lot (of damage) because of it.

After the demise/department of Knights hospitaller from Croatia, whose order was abolished by pope Innocent VII. in 1405. , at the beginning of 15th century the estate of Bela comes over into the profane hands.

From 1439. the first profane owner of the Bela estate was Croatian banus Matko Talovac, and from 1446. Jan Vitovac and his sons. Hungarian king Matija Korvin has confiscated in 1480. huge estates of disobedient nobles, amongst which was Bela itself. His son, count of Zagorje Ivaniš Korvin, has sold Bela estate, around 1500, to a Hungarian count family Petheö de Gerse with lien of 5600 gold coins.

Ivanec in the hands of(under) Petheö de Gerse family

Petheö de Gerse family has been ruling Ivanec up to 1738. Ivanec was their ruling and economic center, and Bela has slowly begun to loose it's significance. Supported with a favorable position, numerous population, fertile arable land and city-fortress raised by Petheö de Gerse family in the middle of 16. century, Ivanec was developed into the central place of the whole region, and such a status it kept up to our time.
We first read about existence of a fortified town in Ivanec from the banus order from 1558. by which Fraksija Choron was introduced into the posession, after the lawsuit that brothers Petheö de Gerse had with a noble Toma Salaj.

The reason for the building of the fortress were more frequent Turkish raids and each manor were to encircle themselves with a defending wall or a building where the inhabitansts could hide themselves and defend themselves. King Ferdinand has issued a charter to Petheö de Gerse family in 1564. in which he confirms the original ownership and in which there are enlisted villages and settlements Rusakovec, Završje, Lovrečan, Lukavec, Vitešinec, Gačice, Margečan, Seljanec, Ivanečki Vrhovec, Šaturnjak, Punikve, Prigorec, Ivanec, Vuglove and Stažnjevec. In the same charter there is a mention of rebuilding of the castle, thus it can be concluded that it was rebuilt from a building worn down.

Archeologic research conducted few years ago on the locality of Stari grad (Old town) have discovered the remnants of the family Petheö de Gerse fortress, the remnants of the chapel of the Petheö family in the east defending wall, but also the remnants of an older chapel of St. John the Baptist in the court of the town. This chapel was mentioned for the first time in the visitation from 1649., and in 1674. it was torn down.

According to the remnants found the chapel belongs to the gothic period, and in its wall there has been found a fragment of a roman tombstone with portrait of male figures dressed into patrician clothes. The chapel was partly built of rough-stone, thus it can be concluded that in this area there must have been an older version of the chapel, whose material has been used for its building.

The old town Ivanec was a defending castle consisting of 4 wings that were closing a circle. It was separated from the environment by a deep water trenches from Bistrica, and the entrance in the castle was across the bridge over a grabbing place full of water.

After death of Ivan Petheö, the last male descendant of Petheö de Gerse family in 1728., the estate was managed by it's widow Barbara Falussy. After her death in 1730. the estate comes into possession of the King. King Karlo IV in 1740. sells the estate to Ladislavu Erdödy Novomarofski who renews manor economy, brings water into the trenches around the city, builds the second floor and upgrades Ivanec's castle.

However, Ivanec hasn't stayed under the ownership of Erdödy because the women inheritors of Petheö de Gerse family in 1763 have initiated the lawsuit considering that their ownership was unrightfully taken off, since their ancestors bought the estate with the money, and it wasn't a charter present to them. The lawsuit in regards of inheritance has lasted as long as 54 years, that is until/ to 1817 when the inheritance of Petheö de Gerse family was distributed amongst 15 families of nobles in blood relationship to the Petheö family.

Ivanec has been handed into possession of baron Adam Peharnik-Hotković which left it as inheritance to his daughter Katarina, married to a lawyer in Ivanec Nikola pl. Faller. Their daughter has been married to Filip pl. Šarlay. She has inherited castle Ivanec from her mother, the land and the forest. In 1867. Šarlays sold the whole estate and the city to Ladislav Kukuljević, son of Frano Kukuljević who inherited the estate Ivanečka Kaniža with forests and the land, where he has raised a smaller countryside court and economy buildings.

Ivanec under Kukuljević-Sakcinksi family

Ladislav Kukuljević has finally arranged the old town of Ivanec, and the well managedmanor he leaves to his nephew Božidar Kukuljević, son of Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski. Božidar has transformed the rusty pond and meadow into English park, today's park in Ivanec.

His son Radovan, due to debts, disposes of the majority of the estate to dr. Josip Šaban, who for the purpose of returning the debt sells the estate of which there was left only the castle with the garden, mill and a certain forest areas.

The castle was devastated in World War II. It was set to firein 1943. and was heavily damaged in the fire. The damaged castle and the rest of the state were nationalized in 1946. The contemporary authorities haven't though it important to renew the castle thus it was left to decay, and in 1959. the two towers that were preserved were torn down.

Famous persons

Matija Smodek, (1808.-1881.), lawer, university professor

matija smodekHe was born in village Novaki in 1808. in a wealthy peasant family. He undergone education in Varaždin, Šopron, Zagreb and Budapest. In the time of forceful hungarization in Croatia he had lectured Croatian language in the period from 1831. to 1840. at Academy - Kajkavian dialect. After that he lectures economic law, political science and Hungarian-Croatian law at the law school(Faculty). From 1835. he is a professor of statistics and mining law and in Pravoslovna akademija (Orthodox academy) from 1849. to 1874. he had lectured, beside the cited subjects, the law.
He dedicated his life to the science, education of the young generation, and he was dedicated to the highest Croatian goals, and that obtained him a great respect in the eyes of his students and professors of University of Zagreb of that time.

Ladislav Kukuljević-Sakcinski, (1815.-1896.), lawyer, landowner of Ivanec

kukuljevic sakcinski ladislavHe studied the law and graduated in Požun. He joined the struggle against Hungarians and banus Jelačić appointed him a deputy for supply of Croatian army in region of Varaždin. He also performed the duty of archive keeper and judge of Varaždin district, while in the district of Križevac he was vice-Prefect and the great Prefect from 1867. to 1871. After that he resigned from the political life and spend the rest of his life in Ivanec.
From his father Franjo Kukuljević he inherited the estate Ivanečka Kaniža, and from the family Šarlaj he bought the castle of Ivanec with accompanying estate. He was dealing with corn and berries production, breeding of the noble kinds of the cattle, and he held under lease a mail service with horses.
He had acquired the ownership over 800 rala of forest and 100 rala of ploug-fields, meadows, orchards and other real estates. He has built several residential and business buildings by the main Ivanec street toward Lepoglava. He become the richest citizen of Ivanec in 19th century.
He has contributed to renewal of Ivanec county church, and in the park by castle of Ivanec he raised chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary dedicating it to his deceased wife. The chapel was torn down in 1961. In his testament, besides his wider family, he had gratuitously gifted charities, cultural societies and associations.

Đuro Arnold, (1854.-1941.), pedagogue, philosopher, poet

arnold duroHe was born in Ivenec in 1854. he graduated from Faculty of philosophy in Zagreb. His professional education he was receiving in Göttingen, Berlin i Paris. He worked as gymnasium professor, then as director of teachers school, and as professor of Pedagogy of philosophy at Zagreb university.

He was selected/appointed to position of Rector of University and the first member of JAZU(HAZU). He was president of Matica Hrvatska from 1903. to 1909., editor of Vijenac and a honorary member of the Brothers of Croatian Dragon (Braća hrvatskog zmaja).
He published following collection of poems: Izabrane pjesme (1899.), Čeznuće maštanja (1908.), Sa visina i dubina (1918.), Izabrane pjesme (1924.). At university of Zagreb, in 1986., he initiated a pedagogic seminary for theoretical and practical education of secondary-school teachers.

He is author of scientific works Ethics and history (1880.) Philosophy of the natural science and sociology (1889), Art toward/according the science (1906.), Unique Croatian folk culture (1909.) and of the secondary school textbook Logic (1888.) and Psychology(1893.).

Božidar Kukuljević-Sakcinski, (1861.-1927.), poet, landowner of Ivanec

kukuljevic sakcinski bozidarSon of the famous Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski. He studied the law in Vien and Zagreb, and after completion of the studies he worked on the position of vice-prefect and scribe in Zagreb and of district prefect/head in Varaždin. From his uncle Ladislav he inherited, in 1986., the estate of Ivanec with the castle. He was a music and literature fan and had published reviews and critiques, working for magazines Vijenac, Prosvjeta, Hrvatska vila, Balkan. He had correspondence with writers and artists of his time: Gjalski, Vojnović, Trnski, Fijan, Mandrović, Zajc, Kuhač, Faller.
He was inspired by idyllic historical, social and natural motives. In his prose work Youth of Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski he describes the day of youth of his father.

After him there left unfinished ‘History of noble family Kukuljević Sakcinski’, and from history of Ivanec he recorded reviews of consecration of chapel of uncle Ladislav, consecration of banner of Voluntary fireman association Ivanec in July of 1891. and of school flag in 1901. He was founder of "Brothers of Croatian Dragon", president of singing society "Kolo" in Zagreb and "Vila" in Varaždin.
He founded a branch of Croatian alpinist society in Ivanec in 1898.

Nikola Faller, (1862.-1938.), composer and bandmaster

faller nikolaHe was borne on his father pastoral castle Pahinsko. He studied music in Varaždin and Zagreb and later on conservatory in Vienna and Paris. In Croatian school for music he lectures piano. He was director and bandmaster of Zagreb opera house from 1896. till 1902., commissary of Osijek Theater, conductor of Split’s and Zagreb’s music society “Zvonimir” and “Kolo”, and he was a chairman of Croatian singer’s society from 1924. until his death.
Thanks to him, a ballet assemble as separate one in 1894. and he enriched theater with new opera plays from: R. Wagner, P.I. Tchaikovsky, J. Massena, G. Puccini, P. Massaging, G. Bizet, A. Thomas, R. Leoncavalla, L. von Beethoven. He also made possible that opera from Croatian composers were played: V. Lisinski, S. Albini, F. S. Vilhar and V. Baresa. Nikola Faller composed commemorated music, choir songs and church music.
Nikola Faller was involved in collecting and systematization of mountain flora, and developing of modern Croatian crossword and enigmatic games.

Mavro Spiller, (1869.-1940.), physician

spiller mavroHe came to Ivanec from Kostajnica in 1909. as royal district physician. He was committed to his work, and was respected for his dedicated work in Ivanec were he spent 35 years in praxis, from which he spent 30 years working as physician in Ivanec mining brotherhood, which was responsible for health of miners and their families. With his regular work as royal district physician he led local ambulance in region of Ivanec and Golubovac which was responsible for more then 1000 miners with their families and this number raised to approximately 4000 people under his medical responsibilities.
He was active member of social life in Ivanec: he was director of public library, president of Ivnaec´s Red Cross society, and in the years close to war he was a respectable member of Croatian farmer party (Hrvatska seljačka stranka). At the end of his public duties he was posted as high sanitarian inspector. He passed away during a visit to his son Emil, forest engineer, who lived in Jajce in year 1940. His sons took the surname of their mother, Georgijević, in 1941.

Bruno Županić-Steiner, (1893.-), lawyer and writer

zupanic steiner brunoHe was one of the first soccer players in Varaždin, and he was noticed in history of this sport in Varaždin as a person who scored first goal in one official match in a match between soccer clubs “Varaždin” Varaždin and “Olimpija” Karlovac on May 15th 1910.
After he visited law schools in Vienna, Prague and Zagreb he was employed as justice clerk, and he worked as lawyer in Ivanec from 1921. He took active role in public life in Ivanec between two World Wars.

He published his lyric works in magazines “Mlada hrvatska” (Young Croatia), and he was correspondent for magazines “Naša pravica” (Our Justice), “Književne novosti” (Literature news), “Savremenik” (Contemporary), “Hrvat” (Croat), “Šišmiš” (Bat), “Književni horizonti”(Literature horizons), “Varaždinske novosti” (News from Varaždin) and “Hrvatsko pravo” (Croatian justice).

His literal works are including contrabands from foreign literature (literal works from Turganjev, Scheyer and Adamčić) and history of Croatian literature (works from Mihanović, Bublić. Vilović, Margel Gotalovački, Galović, Marković, Miholjević). He published work of Dr. Ante Starčević “Croatian justice” and work of historical chronologist Đuro Vilović, “Međimurje” in 1923.

He published “Memories of 60 years of the mountain walk on Ivančica” in 1968. in magazine “Zagorski kolendar”.

Pavica Hrazdira (rođ. Milić), (1895.-1975.), writer, entrepreneur, chairman of mountaineers section “Ivančica”

pavica hradziraShe was an active member of public life in Ivanec between two World Wars she was writer, amateur actress, chairman of mountaineers section of Ivanec and entrepreneur in mining business. She had tried her self in writing lyrics, novels and stories about poor people in Ivanec. Her song “Villages of Ivanec” was renamed and Rudolf Rajter composed music for that song and it became very popular in Kajkavian are of Croatia.

Otokar Hrazdira, (1898.-1944.), mining clerk, international art photograph

otokar hrazdiraHe came to Ivanec from Czech Republic after First World War. With his wife, Pavica, he opened two small coalmines in the near of Ivanec. He was exhibiting on eight international exhibitions with 18 exhibited and awarded photos. Photo section of Ivanec mountaineer's section “Ivančica” was founded by him in 1931. First exhibition of photo art in Ivanec was held in the next year, 1932. He was the publisher of only one, magazine for artistic photo “Galerija” (Gallery) with headquarters of redaction in Ivanec, and in sales between two wars. Six numbers were published, and main editor was Pavao Spiler.
Because of collaboration with anti fascistic movement ha was hanged in 1944. in the center of Ivanec together with four others a distinguished citizen of Ivanec.

Adalbert Georgijević, (1899.-1991.), physician, medical doctor, renovator of mountaineers section “Ivančica”

adalbert georgijevicTogether with his accomplishers he founded Ivanec sport society in 1920. He renewed work of mountaineers section “Ivančica” and was responsible for passing thru initiative for building mountaineers home and pyramid on the top of hill Ivančica in 1929. He emphases him self as well know medical worker, and in Greda he built a library and gave donation of few hundred books to that library. He was a big friend of all citizens and town of Ivanec, and was in love with hill Ivančica.

Josip Kraš, (1900.-1941.), labor worker and active politicians

josip krasAs a childe of poor and big family from mine worker Valent Kraš, he starts his education as baker in Varaždin with only 15 years, after which he is living to Zagreb to work as baker. After First World War he gets involved in workers movement and becomes labor activist. He was convicted for 5 years and detained in prison in Sremska Mitrovica. He was editor in news papers “Borba” (Battle) and “Radnik” (Worker). He cooperated with left wing activists from that time. He was the leading figure of miner’s strikes in 1936 and 1937 in Ivanec, after which miners got some better working conditions. He joined communist party in 1937 and was a high ranking communist party member. He was killed in 1941 in Karlovac as organizer of anti fascistic movement of Kordun, Banovina, Gorski Kotor and Primorje. After his death he was proclaimed ”narodni heroj” (people’s hero).

Stjepan Vuković, (1905.-1975.), archeologist

vukovic stjepanAt the beginning of his career he was working as teacher in Jurketinc, Donja Voća, Pahinsko and Varaždin. He was founder of Archeological department in museum of city Varaždin, in which you can find relics from ancient history of mankind. He was involved in exploration of wide areas of Ivanec district: cave Vindija, surrounding area of Punikve, Draguševac and Krč in the near of Cerje Tužno. Exploration of Vindija cave was his life work. In the near of Punikve, in the year 1939, he discovered finding site of Paleolithic stones which belonged to early stadium of that age and they are the oldest hand made stone tools that had been located in Croatia. Their old had been estimated on 500 thousand years.

Rudolf Rajter, (1912.-1969.), music professor and composer

rudolf rajterHe was working as music teacher in many schools in Croatia; he was leading member of many musical companies, string orchestras member and member of opera house from Osijek. In ´50th years of XX century he finished studies of music on Pedagogical academy in Zagreb. From 1954. till 1969. he lectured musical education and led the choir “Jordanovec” from Primary experimental school in Zagreb where he left remarkable influence. He had composed music for song “Poleg jedne velike gore” (In the near of one big hill), and his numerous songs from Kajkavian were played and revered on many festivals of Kajkavian songs in Croatia. In Almanac from Zagorje, 1961., he published article on Singers and musical associations in Ivanec in XX century.

Ivo Ladika, (1912.-1984.), author

ivo ladikaHe was borne in Stažnjevac in teacher’s family. He went to faculty for Philosophic sciences in Zagreb were he lectured on different high schools. He worked for four years as journalist in redaction for art and culture in Radio “Zagreb”, and seven years as editor in Lexicographic institute of Federal socialistic Republic of Yugoslavia in Zagreb He also was professor on high economic school in Zagreb. He started to write lyric works during his high school days, and first song he published in prose “Jesen” (autumn). He was editor in magazines and collections of papers: “Književna revija” (Literature revue), “Književno ogledalo” (Literature mirror), “Književna tribina” (Literature forum) and Yearbook of Zagoreje.

Metod Hrg (1916.-1989.), archive worker and national and church historian

metod hrgHe wanted to the Elementary school in Ivanec, and gymnasium in first generation of Archdiocese internet for boys in Šalata. He graduated on Catholic faculty in 1942. and became monk. He worked in archive of Zagreb capitols from 1966. till retirement in 1976. He worked on categorization of archives in capitol and archdiocese, which was not united and categorized earlier. He explored and published “Cannon rules for archdiocese examinations” with co writer, Josip Kolanović. Together with him he wrote “New materials on Jurja the Dalmatian and Peasant uprisings in XV till XVIII century. From big importance for national church history was publishing of “Dairy of bishop Maksimilijan Vrhovec”.
He explored old history of Ivanec, and he published those important articles in Almanac of Ivanec.

Ladislav Šaban, (1918.-1985.), piano teacher, music scientist and writer of Ivanecs history

ladislav sabanHe spends his childhood in castle of Ivanec with his grandfather Božidar Kukuljević and his grandmother Klara (baroness maiden name Maroičić). His father dr. Josip Šaban bought the castle of Ivanec. He explored Ivanec past and left notes, on the old city of Ivanec, that are based on facts from original documentation and personal knowing of family heritage, which was from big importance for Ivanec.

He finished studies of piano at Musical academy in Zagreb, also he studied, in class of professor Svetislav Stančić, concert and pedagogy. He committed him self in pedagogical work and stayed on Musical academy to teach piano and methodic of that instrument, until end of his life.

He was involved in exploring Croatian musical heritage and cultural history, and was specially attracted by organs. He wrote many articles on musical history of Varaždin and his surrounding areas, history of musical education in Croatia and duties of Croatian musical institute. In 1975. he became member of Science academy of Croatia and former Yugoslavia.

Ćiril Kos, (1919.–2003.), bishop of Đakovo and Srijem

ciril kosHe was born in Ribić Brijeg, and his family is moving to Slavonija in 1925. because of better life conditions. He went to elementary school in Hrkanovica, classic Franciscans gymnasium in Široki Brijeg and Seminary in Đakovo. He becomes monk in 1944. He was in jail for two and half years because unjust political guilt. After that he was becomes secretary of diocese office in Đakovo.
He became bishop of Đakovo and Srijem in 1974. and he will be remembered as bishop who built retirement home for retired priests and renewing of diocese economy. On his suggestions new churches and parish homes were been built, and the old ones are reconstructed.
On his intercession in 1982. celebrations were held in memories of 100th year jubilee from dedication of Strossmayer´s cathedral, 1100th year jubilee after death of St. Method and Cyril in 1985. then 750th jubilee of Đakovo´s memorial and creation of Đakovo diocese in 1989. He retired in 1997.

Mirko Malez, (1924.-1990.), paleontologist

mirko malezElementary school and machine craft education he finished in Ivanec, and high school education in Varaždin. As a student of high school he was involved in archeological surveys in the area of Varaždin under the leadership of Stjepan Vuković. He studied geological science at Natural science and mathematics faculty in Zagreb. During his students days he worked as technical correspondent in Geological and Paleontologist collection and laboratory at Yugoslavian Academy for Science and Art, which under his leadership becomes Institute for Paleontology and geology. He defended his doctor’s dissertation in 1963. and becomes member of Yugoslavian academy for science and art in 1979.

He achieved huge reputation in fields of fossil zoology, fossil anthropology, speleology and geology at down of mankind. He contributed to world science by publishing his works about cave sediments in Vindija, in Velika pećina on Ravna gora, appearance of ice bolts, developing of river terraces etc. The vast numbers of his works he committed to examination of Pleistocene fauna of mammals, their spreading, movements and types of species in geological history.

He analyzed finding sites of fossil human remains in Vindija, Big cave in Ravna gora and other locations and compeer his exploration with exploration in Europe. He was decorated with many medals and was appointed as member of Austrian science academy in 1989. He published more then hundred works and one of the main spots in his explorations was Ivanec.

Josip Vresk, (1925.-2005.), academic painter

josip vreskFrom the early stadiums of his childhood he was interested in making art works, in beginning first in wood and clay, his gift was first noticed by his teacher in school in Kuljevčica, Šime Kurelić. Dr. Adelber Georgijević recommended him to painter Ivan Režak and Professor Ljubo Babić. When he was 14 years old, as the youngest painter together with Krsto Hegedušić, he participates in art exhibition with group “BA-BE-MI” – Babić, Becić and Miše. After the exhibitions he goes to Guild school and after that he goes to Art academy in Zagreb.

From 1948. he participates in every exhibition which is organized by artist from Hrvatsko Zagorje and Međumurje, and on exhibitions which are organized by Croatian Association of Artists in 1960. and 1978. He exhibited alone in one gallery in Varaždin in 1978., and his retrospective exhibition of paintings made from 1932. till 1982. was held in gallery “Karas” in Zagreb in the year 1982.
Maltase knight’s order of St. Johan Jerusalem’s accepted him as member in their order on December 30th 2004. and appointed him with title knight commander. But Vresek pasted away before he got that acknowledgement which was on the road from Rome to Croatia. He was rewarded with plaque of city Ivanec, post-mortem, in 2005. for representing the city and for huge contrabands in cultural life in Ivanec.

Milivoj Županić, (1925.-?), lawyer

milivoj zupanicHe went to primary school in Ivanec and gymnasium in Varaždin. He was member of anti fascistic movement during Second World War, and after the war he was editor of “Varaždinske vijesti” (Varaždin news), and correspondent from Varaždin for news papers from Zagreb. He graduated on Faculty for justice in 1949. After he graduated he works in Public comity for districts of Ivanec and Varaždin as law referent, advisor, commissary and secretary. He was responsible for rebuilding of pyramid on Ivančica and decorating the well of Mrzljak in 1958.

He was advisor and secretary of Constitutional court of Croatia from 1964., and in the year 1983. he was elected as member of that court. In two mandates ha was Member of Parliament justice and legislative commission, member Zagreb’s parliament and chairman of commission for questions and rules in city parliament.

He was involved in making of Constitution from 1974. and changing’s of republics constitution in ´80th. He was president of Croatian constitutional court from 1988. till 1989. After that he was elected once more as judge of Constitutional court until 1992. when he was retired. He is author of numerous works that are considering law and legislative. After he passed away his wife, Nataša, carried out his last will and donated his valuable personal library to library’s in Ivanec and Varaždin.

Franjo Sanković, (1928.-), full time professor at the Veterinary faculty in Zagreb

franjo stankovicHe was born in Vuglovec, he was going in primary school in Ivanec and gymnasium in Varaždin. In 1947 he went to study veterinary science in Zagreb, and graduated 1953. He first work as veterinary in Ivanec and in apt ambulance in Bednji, and from 1961 he worked in Veterinary surgery at faculty in Zagreb. He became doctor of veterinary science in 1962. He went on specialization, on famous universities at Cambridge and Utrecht, to work with cows and other domestic animals. For docent of Veterinary faculty in Zagreb he was elected in 1970., in title of professor in year 1975. and for full time professor of chirurgic, orthopedics and ophthalmology he was elected in 1981. and he stayed at that position until his retirement in 1993. He also lectured chirurgic on Sarajevo Veterinary faculty from 1984. till 1989. He is author of 75 science articles and 25 expert and educational articles.

Literature

Zbornik 600 godina Ivanca, Marijan Kraš – Znameniti Ivačani, Ivanec, 1997
(Collection of 600 years of Ivanec by Marijan Kraš- Famous people from Ivanec, 1997)